22 October 2014

Patinated Parkwood Wagon - A Life Well Lived


Patina:
A change in appearance produced by long-standing behavior, practice, or use: a face etched with a patina of fine lines and tiny wrinkles.
[From the Latin, plate (from the incrustation on ancient metal plates and dishes); see paten.]

A word that has gained popularity in the car world in the last few years; people seem to be looking for that lustreless look and if they can't find it, they make it up, with differing results. But what forced patina lacks is a story; cars with 'earned' patina have a history, and probably one we can only guess at.
This 1959 Chevrolet Parkwood is one of those cars that it's fair to say definitely has a history. The Parkwood was the middle tier of the Chevrolet station wagon lineup from '59-'61, above the lowest-priced Brookwood models, but below the luxury-leader Nomad. Engines were either the famed 'blue flame' straight six or the 283ci small-block. The Parkwood name only existed for three years, with GM rationlising their somewhat confusing naming system for '62, which makes this wagon a rare sight, in any condition. Although I did not have a chance to speak to the owner, I'm assuming that the car had been sitting for most of it's life in the open and as a result it wears the scars of exposure with pride. there are some tantalising clues as to its history: a Vermont inspection sticker resides next to a University of Maine parking permit on the dog-leg windscreen (both in the state of new Hampshire, in north-east America). Theres also a flyer on the dashboard for former New Hampshire Republican senator and attorney James Koromilas, who served from 1967-1972.
Yeah I know, it doesn't add up to much, but I can tell you it has the 283ci engine and was imported into the UK in 2010; I guess only the car knows where it's been, but it's certainly fun to guess and no hardship at all to examine the photos for clues.


- Amazosan




The Cutaway Diagram Files - Vauxhall Victor FE By Terry Davey


17 October 2014

1963 Ford Falcon Futura - Hindsight


A 1960's hardtop coupé body, Windsor V8, independent front end, leaf-sprung live axle out back. If it sounds like the basic spec for the original Ford Mustang, you'd be right, sort of: the Mustang originally came with a straight six engine, three speed auto gearbox and the running gear that originally came from the Ford Falcon. So it feels appropriate that Craig Johnson, the owner of the car above, upgraded his Falcon Futura to the spec it's in now, to compete in the Goodguys autocross series in the US. a 5.0 HO V8 with T5 'box from an '89 Mustang, rebuilt front end incorporating parts from a '68 Mustang, '65 Shelby Mustang, '86 Mazda RX7 and '05 Nissan 350Z (1), 8.8 rear axle from a Ford Explorer with 3.73 gears and a whole bunch of parts to enable this Falcon to fly around a gymkhana course.
Read more about the car here.

- Amazosan

POSTSCRIPT: the article contains the line "You don't know what you've got, 'til it's gone." , which aptly describes the magazine in question, Popular Hot Rodding. Unfortunately the publishers (formerly Source Interlink, now The Enthusiast Network) took the discontinue the magazine with the September 2014 issue after 52 years of publishing. A few other magazines in TEN's portfolio have been discontinued as well (most notably the legendary Rod & Custom magazine), victims of being under the same roof as the likes of Hot Rod and Street Rodder, publications that at one time were  competitors from separate publishers. No doubt there are sound business reasons behind the move, but ts a shame to see them go.












Top Trumps Car Of The Day - Volvo VCC (1980)


13 October 2014

T.W.O. - Meet the Simsons


Nothing to do with the long-running cartoon family, this Simson was a multi-faceted German company which produced a range of different items, including firearms, automobiles,bicycles and motorbikes and mopeds. The story begins in 1854, when the brothers Löb and Moses Simson buying one third of a steelhammer works in Suhl, Germany. The production of carbon steel began and the firm Simson & Co. was founded in 1856, which produced guns and gun barrels. In 1871 they built their first steam engine and the enterprise established production of bicycles in 1896, which was followed by the start of car production in 1907.


In WWI, Simson produced Mauser Gewehr 98 rifles for the German Army. In the aftermath of the war and the Treaty of Versailles, the reorganised Reichswehr was allowed to buy new handguns from only one company, so as to limit the ability of the German arms industry to recover. Larger German manufacturers were passed over in favour of Simson, precisely because of its lower production capacity, and as such was the sole producer of military-contract Luger pistols from 1925 to 1934; they made about 12,000 Lugers in this period. Simson also was responsible for repairing and refurbishing existing firearms of the Reichswehr, though competitor company DWM was employed in the capacity as well, in contravention of the Treaty of Versailles. In addition to Lugers, Simson also repaired and refurbished Gewehr 98 and Karabiner 98b rifles, MG08 machine guns and MP18 submachine guns.


Simson built cars from 1914 to 1915 and from 1919 until 1934. Its 1914 models had four-cylinder engines and in 1925 Simson introduced its first six-cylinder car, the model J. Car production continued until 1934 and in 1936 Hitler's government forced the Jewish Simson family to flee the country. A trustee took control of the firm, and so by merger with other factories the Berlin Suhler Waffen- und Fahrzeugwerke (BSW) was formed. In the same year the factory produced its first motorcycle, the BSW 98, which had a 98 cc engine and two-speed transmission. Weapons production also increased; from 1939 the company was called Gustloff-Werke-Waffenwerk Suhl, named after assassinated Swiss Nazi Wilhelm Gustloff. As well as the main works in Suhl, the Gustloff-Werke had branch factories at Greiz in Thuringia and at Łódź in Nazi-occupied Poland. Sachs-engined motorcycles from 47 cc to 123 cc were made within the Gustloff group from about 1934 until about 1940. Gustloff-Werke products included 7.92 mm calibre Panzerbüchse 39 anti-tank rifles, 7.92 mm calibre MG 42 machine guns, gun carriages for 20 mm calibre Flak 38 anti-aircraft guns, and various calibres of small arms ammunition. The firm continued to build bicycles, weapons and cars until 1945, production stopping with the end of the war.


In 1946, by order of the Soviet Military Administration in Germany, the manufacturing plant was partially dismantled and transported to the Soviet Union as part of the Soviet reparations programme for the damage inflicted on the USSR by Germany in WWII. In 1947 the factory was integrated into the Soviet Sowjetische Aktiensgesellschaft Awtowelo company, with all production only for sale in the USSR. In 1949, the Soviets handed control of the factory to the German Democratic Republic (DDR) and in 1952 it was yet again renamed, to Volkseigener Betrieb Fahrzeug- und Gerätewerk Simson Suhl. Production of sporting guns, prams and bicycles slowly resumed, but the main focus was again on making motorcycles.
Between 1949 and 1962 the Suhl factory produced more than 209,000 four-stroke motorcycles; the motorcycles were branded AWO (an abbreviation of Awtowelo) from 1949 until 1955, when the Simson name was revived. Some had Stoye sidecars fitted, and a Stoye Campi luggage trailer could also be specified.


Simson had success with production of four-stroke motorbikes, such as the 425, 425S and 425T, and had success in racing with the likes of the 425R and 425GS.
Production of the plunger-suspension 425 T model ended in 1960, and in 1961 Simson planned a 20bhp, 350 cc, swing-arm model for the general market; however, during the development of this model the DDR introduced a policy of Kapazitätsbündelung ("capacity concentration"), under which the production of larger motorcycles would be concentrated at the MZ works at Zschopau and from January 1962 all new private cars and motorcycles would be two-strokes. The DDR's Volkswirtschaftrat ("People's Economic Council") terminated Simson four-stroke manufacture on 31 December 1961.


But four-stroke bikes were not Simsons' only two-wheeled product. In 1955, the year that the 425S motorcycle was launched and the Simson brand name restored, the factory also began making two-stroke mopeds. The first model was the SR1, a 48 cc machine producing 1.5bhp; this was succeeded by the SR2 in 1957 and the SR2E in 1959. In 1958 Simson launched the KR50, which has integral legshields and a rear wheel enclosure like a motor scooter, but 16-inch (410 mm) wheels like a small motorcycle. The KR50 had a 48cc motor like the SR-series, but with a higher compression ratio that increased power output to 2.1bhp.


When four-stroke motorcycle production was terminated, the Simson factory was directed to concentrate on moped production. In 1963 it raised the KR50's compression ratio to 8.5:1, which increased power to 2.3bhp. In 1964, this model was succeeded by the KR51 Schwalbe ("swallow"), in which the KR50's 38 x 42mm long-stroke engine was revised with almost square dimensions of 39.5 x 40mm and 50cc displacement. Compression was raised again to 9.5:1, increasing power by almost 50% to 3.4 bhp. Moped production grew steadily in Suhl; up to 200,000 mopeds were built per year.


In 1964 Simson launched the SR4-1 Spatz ("sparrow") and SR4-2 Star, each of which had motorcycle-style bodywork without the legshields and rear enclosure. The Spatz initially had the long-stroke 38 x 42mm engine and an 8.5:1 compression ratio and produced 2 bhp; the Star had an oversquare 40 x 39.5 mm engine with 9.5:1 compression and produced 3.4 bhp. In 1967 the Spatz was revised as the SR 4-1 SK, which shared the Star's 40 x 39.5 mm engine dimensions but had an 8.5:1 compression ratio and produced 2.3 bhp.[40] Spatz production was ended in 1970. and Star production was ended in 1975. In 1966 Simson introduced the SR4-3 Sperber ("Sparrowhawk"), with the same 50 cc engine but with power increased to 4.6 bhp and more angular styling than the Spatz and Star and in 1971 Simson introduced the SR4-4 Habicht ("hawk"), which was cosmetically the same as the Habicht but had the same 3.4 bhp power output as the Star. Sperber production was ended in 1972 and Habicht production continued until 1975.


In 1968 Simson was merged with VEB Ernst-Thälmann-Werk Suhl to form the VEB Fahrzeug- und Jagdwaffenwerk Ernst Thälmann Suhl. The Schwalbe helped the company to worldwide fame, and in the DDR the scooter was a symbol for the success of East German two-wheeler motor manufacturing. The Schwalbe was slowly developed over the years; in 1968 the KR 51/1 series was introduced with power increased to 3.6 bhp, followed in 1979 by the KR 51/2 series with 3.7 bhp. Schwalbe production was ended in 1986 in favour of more modern Simson 50cc moped models.


After East Germany's Peaceful Revolution in 1989 and German reunification in 1990, a number of attempts to modernise the assembly lines were made; the company still produced firearms, various models of mopeds and even an electric car called the Hotzenblitz, but like so many former East German companies (such as Trabant and Wartburg), they faced stiff competition from western and Japanese makes; Several investors tried to keep production going and to bring new models to the market, but production finally ceased in autumn 2002 and on February 1, 2003, the company was declared bankrupt.
The two bikes shown here are a 1964-68 Simson Star SR4/2 (the candy red & white moped) and a
1964-86 Schwalbe; its hard to be more specific than that about the exact year, as in typical Eastern Bloc fashion, external styling changed little over their respective production runs, although myriad detail changes were made under the skin. They have gained cult status in Germany and its not hard to see why; they have a simple style that endears the more you look at them. I'd happily give either a place in my garage.

- Amazosan


Commercial Break: TVR 350i, 1983 (UK)


10 October 2014

Monaco GP, May 23, 1971

Qualifying was extremely wet and so it was Friday morning times that really counted for the grid; for Mario Andretti this was particularly unfortunate, as his Ferrari 312B2 was stranded out on the track at this time so he was unable to qualify despite lying second in the World Championship. Jackie Stewart claimed a stunning pole position over a second ahead of his front row companion Jacky Ickx and in the race shot into an immediate lead from the fast-starting Jo Siffert, Ickx, Pedro Rodríguez, Ronnie Peterson and Denny Hulme. Chris Amon stalled on the grid and Graham Hill - seeking a 6th Monaco win - made a rare mistake, hitting the wall at Tabac on lap 2.
Stewart extended his lead from Siffert and Ickx, despite being painfully ill from fumes leaking into the cockpit. Peterson was astonishing the crowd with his valiant attempts to take 4th place from Rodríguez, who was baulking him as much as was legally possible. Hulme managed to join the battle and pass Peterson on one lap. Eventually the Mexican slipped up under pressure and locked up a wheel to let both Peterson and Hulme through. Stewart went on to win the race.

8 October 2014

Digging In The Crates - 1940 Buick Special Convertible


From Specialist Interest Automobiles magazine no. 194 from April 2003: a prime example of a 1940 Buick Special convertible. And before you think this is just another restored trailer queen, rolled out for the cameras in between concours shows, think again, not only is it original, but has around 150,000 miles on it's elegant speedometer.
The owners at the time (Les and Anna Lee Gordon) used it often; they had just recently finished a 5,890 mile tour across The US and part of Canada, something that must have been a distinct pleasure, especially with that creamy smooth straight-eight engine. I had the use of a 1953 Buick Super a while back for a few days; the 263ci straight-eight happily chugged along with ease all day, certainly an experience any classic car fan should seek to try.
Getting back to the car in the pics, it also seems to serve as a dictionary example of earned patina, it has dents, scratches rust, worn out parts, missing trim and metal fatigue in places. But there absolutely no doubt it also gets a ton a love from its owners.


- Amazosan